The promised kingdom did not come all at once: there were 1,000 years from Abraham to Solomon. Firstly, we meet God’s people (Gen. 12 – Exo. 18). God’s promise begins to unfold as we meet Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Moses, and the Israelites. Through it all, we are reminded that nothing can
prevent God from fulfilling His gospel promises. Salvation requires God’s gracious deliverance, as seen in the Passover and the Exodus from Egypt.
Then we get to God’s Rule and Blessing (Exo. 19 – Leviticus). As God’s nation comes to fruition, God’s rule and blessing come through the Law and His presence among the people in the tabernacle. The Law is a blessing because it reminded them of their restored relationship and gave them a sacrificial system to temporarily atone for sin.
From there we see God’s Place (Numbers to Joshua). As the Israelites depart from Egypt, we expect them to reach their destination in a matter of months, but it actually takes them forty years. We see sin, suffering, and judgment. Yet we see grace as God allows Joshua and Caleb to enter the promised land.
Which leads us to God’s King (Judges to 2 Chronicles). The promised seed of Eve (Gen. 3:15) would come from Judah — the nation who would have the scepter (Gen. 49:10). The story of Israel led to the installation of a monarchy:
• Judges: Sin, judgment, rescue, and repeat.
• 1 Samuel: Israel demanded a king and got a lousy ruler.
• 2 Samuel: David was a better king, but there is a greater king to come (2 Sa. 7:12-16)
• 1 Kings 1-11: Solomon built the temple and ushered in a golden age, but he fell into idolatry, and judgment soon came.
• 1 Kings 12 – 2 Kings 25: God brought judgment through division, corrupt kings, death, and exile.
Through all these events, we learn that God saves by substitution. His people deserve to die for their sin, but another dies instead. We are being prepared for a greater act of deliverance, of which the Passover is only a shadow.