Romans 6:23, “For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.”
In order to appreciate what exactly it was that Jesus achieved, we need to understand who we are as well as who He was. The person and work of Christ ultimately make sense when we understand the depths and the horror of our sin and rebellion.
Though sin is an unpopular topic in the world today, the Bible says several things about human sin. First and foremost, the Bible says that sin is universal (Romans 3:23). Scripture also gives us God’s standard for defining sin. That standard is the Ten Commandments (Exo. 20; Deu. 5). These commandments reveal the depth of our depravity, and they remind us that sin is a universal problem.
Listing these commandments brings to light an ugly catalog of sins. Now so much takes place beneath the surface of our lives, especially in the secret places of our minds, which other people do not see and which we manage even to conceal from ourselves. But God sees these things.
So the best way to understand its evil consequences is to look at its effects on God, on ourselves, and on other people. The Bible describes sin as something that results in human beings:
• Being alienated or separated from God
• Being caught in bondage to our own sinful natures
• Living in constant conflict with other people
When the consequences of sin are considered, the conclusion is obvious: “What man needs is a radical change of nature!” Christ changes our nature.